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  • Wheel Alignment - Camber
  • Wheel Alignment - Camber
  • Wheel Alignment - Camber
  • Wheel Alignment - Camber

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  1. #1
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    Default Wheel Alignment - Camber

    I see this subject addressed in various other postings but thought I'd ask my question out right to the group. Excessive tire ware has been reported by many and is said to be caused by (amount other things) negative camber settings. Negative camber, where the wheel tilts inward at the top, can causes the insides of the tires to ware faster than the outsides and many including myself apparently are having this problem. I don't drive my GS to its limits so increasing tire life without compromising most of the performance seems like a good idea and if reducing the negative camber will accomplish this, I'm in. Researching what is the factory setting is where I'm confused as I want to tell the alignment technician what to set it to. The under dash codes for my 2010 GS says it came with FE3 suspension. The 4 part red service manuals address wheel alignment on page 16-99 and it shows the FE1, FE2 and FE3 suspensions all with the same negative camber @ -0.45, +/- 0.60 degrees. The FE4 and FE5 suspensions (Z06 and ZR1 I'm assuming) have published higher negative camber numbers. The local Chev dealer tells me the FE3 suspension is a Sport Suspension for GS and uses a negative camber of -0.75 degrees. No where do I see this value published in the service manual. So as I see this I need to get a reading as to what my actual camber setting is. My question is what should I specify for negative camber for better tire life?
    Thanks
    Al

  2. #2
    Member Huskerman's Avatar
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    Default

    Don't know why the FE3 would be any different but here is a recent thread on the subject.


    http://www.corvetteactioncenter.com/...ent-specs.html

  3. #3
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    Tell the dealer what the Service Manual says for FE3 then ask them why they say -0.75°.

    For best tire wear, I'd start with the FSM numbers, monitor tire wear and if you see excessive wear on the inside or outside of the tread, change the alignment as necessary.

    If you don't drive the car hard you might want to set the camber more conservative such as 0 to -0.25.

    Two adjustments impact tread life
    1) alignment
    2) tire pressure

    Be attentive to both and you should get good tire mileage.

  4. #4
    Technical Advisor c4c5specialist's Avatar
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    Default Details

    Hi there,

    Please lets clarify a few things.

    #1, your best camber setting for optimal tire wear is 0.0.

    #2, just because you have FE3 DOES NOT MEAN all specifications are -.45. If you have RPO XFA for a tire size in the front, that specification CHANGES to -0.95.

    So, as far as service manual does go, GM service is all online and we do not use service manuals any more.

    There is no specification for -0.75 in the service manual for ANY suspension system on Corvette for 2010.

    If you would like your dealership to print you the document, please ask them for document ID 2588376

    Allthebest, Paul
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  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by c4c5specialist View Post
    Hi there,

    Please lets clarify a few things.

    #1, your best camber setting for optimal tire wear is 0.0.

    #2, just because you have FE3 DOES NOT MEAN all specifications are -.45. If you have RPO XFA for a tire size in the front, that specification CHANGES to -0.95.

    So, as far as service manual does go, GM service is all online and we do not use service manuals any more.

    There is no specification for -0.75 in the service manual for ANY suspension system on Corvette for 2010.

    If you would like your dealership to print you the document, please ask them for document ID 2588376

    Allthebest, Paul

    Paul...when you say GM doesn't use service manuals anymore, I wondering if ESI or SI or whatever you guys call it, now, is the same as the printed manuals except that it gets regularly updated on-line, which the paper books can obviously cannot. The latest copy of ESI that I have is 2011 and every time I've checked by putting my paper book next to the laptop it's the same as what's in the service manual.
    Hib Halverson

  6. #6
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    Default

    [QUOTE=c4c5specialist;1124990]Hi there,

    Please lets clarify a few things.

    #1, your best camber setting for optimal tire wear is 0.0.

    #2, just because you have FE3 DOES NOT MEAN all specifications are -.45. If you have RPO XFA for a tire size in the front, that specification CHANGES to -0.95.

    Hmmmm. There is confusion in the cockpit...
    I have the FE3 suspension AND I have RPO XFA front tires. The service manual shows -0.95 degrees of camber for the FE4 suspension which I'm assuming is the Z06 specs. If -0.95 degrees is my camber setting it would help explain the ware on the insides of the tires. What is the down side to less negative camber as in closer to 0.0 degrees? I would not be happy changing it and having a car that is less roadworthy. Lastly did all GS's come with RPO XFA or just the ones with manual transmissions in coupes?

  7. #7
    Technical Advisor c4c5specialist's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Hib Halverson View Post
    Paul...when you say GM doesn't use service manuals anymore, I wondering if ESI or SI or whatever you guys call it, now, is the same as the printed manuals except that it gets regularly updated on-line, which the paper books can obviously cannot. The latest copy of ESI that I have is 2011 and every time I've checked by putting my paper book next to the laptop it's the same as what's in the service manual.
    HI there,

    ESI, or electronic service information is usually on a disc that is then uploaded to a given computer and used. This is a DIFFERENT system than what is used by GM service departments. This is usually an ACDelco type of access like "techconnect".

    GM dealerworld is a broadbased website by which dealerships have access to ordering vehicles, parts catalogs and GM service information. Now, this is ALL internet based and is accessed to the GM servers.

    Service manuals in printed form are essentially the same thing, but as you have considered, only not updated regularly.

    In truth, they are all the same. However, I do prefer the GM side of things because of the instant updating as well as in depth information not available to general public such as preliminary documents and information back as far as I want to go.

    Allthebest, Paul
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  8. #8
    Technical Advisor c4c5specialist's Avatar
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    [QUOTE=AlHewitt;1125006]
    Quote Originally Posted by c4c5specialist View Post
    Hi there,

    Please lets clarify a few things.

    #1, your best camber setting for optimal tire wear is 0.0.

    #2, just because you have FE3 DOES NOT MEAN all specifications are -.45. If you have RPO XFA for a tire size in the front, that specification CHANGES to -0.95.

    Hmmmm. There is confusion in the cockpit...
    I have the FE3 suspension AND I have RPO XFA front tires. The service manual shows -0.95 degrees of camber for the FE4 suspension which I'm assuming is the Z06 specs. If -0.95 degrees is my camber setting it would help explain the ware on the insides of the tires. What is the down side to less negative camber as in closer to 0.0 degrees? I would not be happy changing it and having a car that is less roadworthy. Lastly did all GS's come with RPO XFA or just the ones with manual transmissions in coupes?
    HI there,

    I cannot say if all GS came with the XFA option, I do not know the packaging requirements for these options.

    However, I would say to you that I have tuned many Corvette alignments to 0.0 camber and NEVER had an issue with negative handling affects on the street. And I have gotten 25000 miles out of a set of front tires without issues.

    I do not believe that you will notice any handling difference and I believe you will be pleased with the longevity of your tires.

    Allthebest, Paul
    GM World Class Certified Technician.
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  9. #9
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    Yesterday I had an alignment done on the 2010 GS. Here are the before readings and specifications;
    LF RF LR RR
    Camber -1.31* -1.06* -1.24* -0.93*
    Spec. -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60*

    It is pretty obvious that Chev has these things set aggressively for better cornering, albeit with greater tire ware.
    After the alignment I had all four corners set to less that -.20* camber. I have a road trip coming up in a couple of weeks where I'll experience different road surfaces and can better evaluate what this less aggressive camber setting means. I had the car up to 140+ MPH when new but doubt that will happen again so good tire ware and general good performance seems to be what I want.
    Cheers
    Al

  10. #10
    Wheel Alignment - Camber BigJimZ16's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by AlHewitt View Post
    Yesterday I had an alignment done on the 2010 GS. Here are the before readings and specifications;
    LF RF LR RR
    Camber -1.31* -1.06* -1.24* -0.93*
    Spec. -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60*

    It is pretty obvious that Chev has these things set aggressively for better cornering, albeit with greater tire ware.
    After the alignment I had all four corners set to less that -.20* camber. I have a road trip coming up in a couple of weeks where I'll experience different road surfaces and can better evaluate what this less aggressive camber setting means. I had the car up to 140+ MPH when new but doubt that will happen again so good tire ware and general good performance seems to be what I want.
    Cheers
    Al
    Similar numbers to where mine was when I had it done two weeks ago. I'm at -.25 now with the new Michelin Pilot Super Sports, and I can tell you the the ride, quiet, and highway manners are FAR superior to what I had before!!
    The only thing that you accomplish when you make something idiotproof, is breed a better grade of idiot,

  11. #11
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    Default Road Trip

    [QUOTE=AlHewitt;1125760]Yesterday I had an alignment done on the 2010 GS. Here are the before readings and specifications;
    LF RF LR RR
    Camber -1.31* -1.06* -1.24* -0.93*
    Spec. -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60* -.45* +/-.60*

    It is pretty obvious that Chev has these things set aggressively for better cornering, albeit with greater tire ware.
    After the alignment I had all four corners set to less that -.20* camber. I have a road trip coming up in a couple of weeks where I'll experience different road surfaces and can better evaluate what this less aggressive camber setting means. I had the car up to 140+ MPH when new but doubt that will happen again so good tire ware and general good performance seems to be what I want.
    Cheers


    Following up on the above;
    My 10 GS and another C6 (05 - LS2 w/ twin turbo’s) took an aggressive road trip this month to Eastern Oregon and the Hell's Canyon ride/road. Great country if you've never been there with good roads and little of no law seen... The other Vette had a Valentine radar system on board and led most of the way. I was interested in the handling of my GS after the reduction in camber settings. Our speeds were all over the place (0 to 120+) depending on the roads and when I asked him how many cars did we passed, he said, "All of them". One observation I made when travelling with two cars and faster than the traffic the second guy (me in most cases) is subjected to the effects after the first lead car passes the traffic. If you are doing 100+ and pass someone they'll sometimes gets a little rattled and may swerve a bit unless he's looking in his rear-view mirror and sees you coming. This swerve happens about the same time as the second car is passing the traffic. So getting by the traffic in quick order on a two lane road is needed. The twin turbo is quiet as the exhaust is muffled through the turbo system; mine on the other hand has the dual mode where with the throttle open I'm making noise. This added to the swerve as the traffic could hear me coming.

    I noticed no difference in steering with the adjustments to my camber. If it corners any different I can't tell it from my un-professional driving skills. I saw lots of .7 and .8 reading on the G meter with the HUD system so I know I was working it hard. Little or no wheel spin and no over/under steering was experienced.

    I did not experience it but the 05 C6 with me had his traction control system constantly interfere with his driving. Especially in corners it would apply brakes and alert him. He may have a wheel sensor problem...

    In general the reduced camber is un-noticeable. Making this modification is probably moot as if I drive the car as I did on this trip the tires will not make it to 30K miles. On the other hand if you drive it like you own-it rather than stole-it I don't think you will see much of a performance change, but how fun is that?


    Al



  12. #12
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    My zr1 came new whit -.95 on 4 corners and whit these big tires, it was pretty aggressive. I first set it to -.70 on 4 wheels keeping the oe caster and toe whit no difference on the handling but still was reacting a lot to any road imperfection. I reset it to -.25 on 4 wheels and still kept oe caster and toe, only down side is on a hard acceleration, it feels a tiny bit lighter on the steering wheel (most peoples would not notice) but for the rest of the ride it is so much better. It is way more comfortable to drive and tires are wearing evenly.

  13. #13
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    A degree of negative camber is wonderful for handling at the limit as the outside loaded tire stands up straight and gets all of its tread on the road. The unloaded tire has less of its tread on the ground but than again it is unloaded so who cares.

    That is the sole reason for negative camber and a degree is a lot of negative camber. Even on cars that I regularly track and/or autox I would limit neg camber to about -0.8 deg as any more is a tire killer in street driving.

    If the spec is neg 0.45 and it has a 0.6 +/- tolerance it means you are still in spec at +0.15 deg. However I would probably align it to around negative 0.25 degrees and have fun. You might lower your maximum G loading to 1.0 from 1.05 but then again you don't care.

    If you track your car or autox it you want the -0.45 with the tolerance the other way =-1.05 degree although an active track rat would probably have even a bit more dialed in.

    Pick your use and align accordingly.

    BTW, some DOT legal road race tires that are used in stock classes have some negative camber baked in since the cars that use them can't get enough negative for the road race use. On the Camaros (both 3rd and 4th Gen) most of us found that anything over -2.25 deg was not an improvement. Remember if your car is knock kneed it doesn't accelerate or brake very well because in a straight line it doesn't have all its rubber on the road. So a compromise is necessary.

    Perry
    Last edited by pkincy; 08-03-13 at 09:36 PM.

  14. #14
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    Default Pfadt Specs

    These specifications are from Pfadt Race Engineering for Performance Street settings. I have had these specification on my Grand Sport for 4500 miles and the handling is good and tire wear is uniform - at 6/32" at a total of 6700 miles on GoodYear factory tires.

    Front
    Camber (deg)
    min max
    -0.7 -0.9

    Caster (deg)
    min max
    7.5 8.5

    Total Toe
    min max
    -1/16" (0.17°) 0 (0°)

    Rear
    Camber (deg)
    min max
    -0.4 -0.6

    Total Toe
    min max
    -1/16" (0.17°) 0 (0°)

    Pfadt Performance indicates that these settings will provide good performance and good tire wear.

  15. #15
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    Default Alignment on GS

    Quote Originally Posted by Travelor View Post
    These specifications are from Pfadt Race Engineering for Performance Street settings. I have had these specification on my Grand Sport for 4500 miles and the handling is good and tire wear is uniform - at 6/32" at a total of 6700 miles on GoodYear factory tires.

    Front
    Camber (deg)
    min max
    -0.7 -0.9

    Caster (deg)
    min max
    7.5 8.5

    Total Toe
    min max
    -1/16" (0.17°) 0 (0°)

    Rear
    Camber (deg)
    min max
    -0.4 -0.6

    Total Toe
    min max
    -1/16" (0.17°) 0 (0°)

    Pfadt Performance indicates that these settings will provide good performance and good tire wear.

    I asked the plant guys when I was in Bowling Green about the alignment and they told me all GS ARE SET FOR TRACKING AND AGGRESSIVE DRIVING and that will kill a set of tires pretty quickly. When I got home I had the dealer who specializes in Vettes concur the alignment is not good for anyone who wants any life out of the tires. I had them redo the alignment to what normal alignment should be and it made a big difference in feel as a DD. i then put Michelin pS2 AS run-flat on and that made a world different car. I actually had rear rims modified to handle the largest michelin made at the time that were both AS and ZP tires. Smooth, quite, and no drone at high-speed.
    Tadge J told me in an email they had found that the Michelin's were much better all around over the GY and that was why they went to them on the C7. Another issue was that no one made a 12" wide AS run-flat so the rims on the C7 were made a little narrower to make the michelins work without making a whole new tire design just for the C7. So on the C7 you can get AS - PS2's ZP tires all around. The issue was AS tires rather than just summer tires. I did my 10GS and never looked back. The Michelin still look like brand new on the car. The GY's were junk in 8-10k miles.

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