preventing cam and lifter failure
preventing cam & lifter break-in failures
it should be rather obvious that theres options, cam failures are usually the result of incorrect CLEARANCES or too much SPRING PRESSURE or LACK of ADEQUATE LUBRICATION,USE DECENT MOLY CAM LUBE, and decent quality oil, adding MAGNETS to trap metalic CRUD HELPS
(1) get a decent ROLLER CAM, add a high voluum oil pump, baffled 8 qt oil pan, with a windage screen and check your clearances and avoid the problem,USE DECENT MOLY CAM LUBE,and decent quality oil,adding MAGNETS to trap metalic CRUD HELPS
(2) use a SOLID lifter flat tappet cam with lifters with the lube feed holes,add a high voluum oil pump, baffled 8 qt oil pan, with a windage screen and check your clearances and avoid the problem,USE DECENT MOLY CAM LUBE, and decent quality oil,adding MAGNETS to trap metalic CRUD HELPS
(3) mod the lifter bores for more oil flow,add a high voluum oil pump, baffled 8 qt oil pan, with a windage screen and check your clearances and avoid the problem,USE DECENT MOLY CAM LUBE,and decent quality oil,adding MAGNETS to trap metalic CRUD HELPS
(4)USE DECENT MOLY CAM LUBE
add a high voluum oil pump, baffled 8 qt oil pan, with a windage screen and check your clearances and avoid the problem,and decent quality oil,adding MAGNETS to trap metalic CRUD HELPS
(5) thinking things thru and verifying clearances and spring pressures, and having a well thought thru lube system will significantly lower your chances of having problems,USE DECENT MOLY CAM LUBE,and decent quality oil,adding MAGNETS to trap metalic CRUD HELPS
.......I have not seen a cam fail in years UNLESS the guy installing it failed to follow those tips
anyone see a PATTERN?
you might want to read thru this AGAIN
If you are building a SMALL or BIG block Chevy with a flat tappet cam, (solid or hydraulic lifters) be careful during the initial engine break in. It is very easy to lose a cam lobe and lifter during initial break in. This is especially true with a higher than stock lift cam and higher pressure valve springs. The increased pushrod angles found on the BBC and poor preparation can make cam lobe failure after initial fireup a distinct possibility. You can help prevent this cam lobe failure by making sure the engine is prelubed prior to intial fireup. Use a good high pressure lube on the cam lobes and lifter bottoms during assembly. If possible use a lighter pressure stock valve spring (or if using a valve spring with multiple springs, take out some of the inner springs) to intially run the engine. Then switch to the heavier pressure springs after break in. When the engine is first fired up, keep the engine rpms at 2,500 or above, don't let the engine idle for 20 minutes or longer. This keeps lots of oil splashing up on the cam lobes. Make sure the engine can be run for this time period by having enough fuel available, ignition timing set correctly, coolant available for the motor, valve lash set correctly, etc. The idea is not to crank the motor over excessively before it starts up for the first time. If your BBC flat tappet cam survives this initial break in period, it will be good to go for many miles. After the initial engine breakin, drain the oil and change the oil filter. Roller cams generally do not suffer these types of cam lobe failures during initial engine fireup.
if youve adjusted the valves correctly the lifter spins at all rpm levels,but that does NOT mean it wears EVENLY at all rpm levels due to several factors if you look closely AT FLAT TAPPET CAMS youll see that the center of the cam lobe is NOT centered under the lifter and that the lifter surface is slightly angled , BOTH these factors force the lifter to spin in its bore as the lobe passes under the lifter slightly off center.
SOME of the reasons the higher rpm durring the break in phase is important is that
(1) the faster RPMs the better chances the lobe passes under the lifter floated on an oil film and the less time the oil film has to squeeze out between them
(2) the higher the RPM the greater the oil voluum and pressure the engine pumps and the more oil flow is available at the lobes
(3)the higher the rpm level the more oil is thrown from the rods onto the cam lobes
(4)the higher the rpm the greater the lifters weight and inertia tends to compensate for the springs pressure and lower the net pressure as the lifter passes over the cam lobes nose
(5) at higher rpm speed the better chance a small wedge of oil is trapped between the lifter base and lobe from the oil thrown from the lobes surface by centrifical force
(6) two differant metal surfaces scraping past each other at low speeds may tend to wear and GALL as the oil is sqeezed out but two differant hardness steel surfaces that impact each other at higher speeds covered with oil tend to work harden as they mate and will tend to be seperated by that oil
(7)as the lifter spins in its bore the contact point between the lobe and lifter base constantly changes and rotates with the lobe contact point not resisting its passage and the higher the rpms the faster the lifter rotates and the less time the lobe spends at any one point
BTW ADD E.O.S. to the oil and MOLY break-in lube to the cam
before starting the engine and prefill the filter and pre-prime the oil system before starting the engine.
I normally pour it in just before starting the engines cam break in,procedure. because I want to make sure that nothing in the oil/E.O.S. mix can settle out from sitting over a long period of time. now if your running a flat tappet cam you should have also used a moly cam lube on the lobes and be useing a mineral base oil for the break-in procedure, and youll need to do an oil and filter change after about the first 3-4 hours running time to remove that moly cam lube from the engine after its served its purpose of protecting the cams lobes and lifters at start up, aND AS THE LOBES/LIFTERS LAPPED IN. MOSTLY to prevent that moly grease and E.O.S from potentially partially clogging the filter after that mix cools down,but also because both those lubes might leave deposites in the combustion chamber ,over time that might aggravate detonation.
even G.M. suggests that E.O.S. is not a great long term oil suppliment, and that its main function is to add extra oil film strength durring new engine break in.
don,t forget a few magnets in the oil pan goes a long way towards trapping unwanted metalic dust formed from the cam and rings lapping in durring break-in that might otherwise get imbedded in your bearings or cause other problems
heres the magnets I use in every engine
add a few magnets to the oil pan and drain back area in your engine, the trap and hold metalic dust that comes from wear and increase engine life span by preventing that crap embedding in the bearings
these are even more tollerant of temp swings and retain strength at even higher engine oil temps plus they are smaller and easier to use
" IF YOU CAN,T SMOKE THE TIRES FROM A 60 MPH ROLLING START YOUR ENGINE NEEDS MORE WORK!!"
Thanks for the great post. Not a job that I would want to do twice.
Technical Writer for Internet & Print Media
Some of the above is good advice,but...some of it poorly researched
1) No small-block or big-block needs a high volume oil pump if it's built with modern engine building techniques. In fact, use of a high volume pump in many cases reduces performance and increases oil pressure. The best bet for wet sump gen SBV8s are stock oil pump fitted with the high-pressure relief valve spring in the GM Perf. Parts catalog. For Big-Blocks a stock L88 pump works just fine.
2) Unless you're building a NASCAR Sprint Cup motor, you don't need to modify your lifter bores, drill the bottoms of your lifters or do any other exotic modifications.
3) Unless you are building an all out road racing or drag racing car you don't need an 8 qt. oil pan. In fact, for virtually all performance street applications, the stock oil pans for the later C3 high-performance engines along with their acompanying baffles/trays will be sufficient.
4) The part about needing higher rpm during break-in to prevent the oil from being squeezed out is total BS. While oil film has a role in lubrication at the lobe/lifter interface, it is not the key part of it and whether the oil gets squeezed out or not (it will) is irrlevant as long as the oil used has an appropriate level of ZDP for the valvetrain configuration. The best rpm technique to use during the initial break-in of a new cam is to constantly vary it between 2000 and 3000 rpm during your 20-30-min. run.
5) The part about the lifter's inertia reducing the load on the lobe/lifter interface near the point of max lift is total B.S. Whomever wrote that clearly does not understand the dynamics of a valvetrain in an OHV engine.
6) The best advice in the entire post comes at the start where it's said to use a moly cam lube product during break-in and a good engine oil. As for what is a good oil?
Well...that's a loooong post in itself, but in a nutshell: any flat-tappet motor with a stock cam and valvetrain which is properly broken in can use any of today's API SL or SM engine oils, however...a flat tappet engine with any aftermarket valve train parts (more aggressive cam, higher pressure springs, higher ratio rockers, etc) needs an oil with more ZDP in it. Your oil needs enough ZDP to result in at least 1000 PPM phosphorous content and, ideally, you need 1200. The cheapest oils that have that are Shell Rotella-T 10W30 and Chevron Delo 400LE 10W30. Better choices are Valvoline VR-1 10W30 and Joe Gibbs Driven 10W30 Hot Rod Oil. The absolute best choice in engine oils for flat tappet engines with modified valve trains is Red Line Synthetic 10W30.
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